Bulgaria is a country located in Southeast Europe, with a population of approximately 7 million people. The country has a diverse economy, with industries ranging from manufacturing and agriculture to tourism and technology. As with many countries, the job market in Bulgaria has been affected by various economic factors, including the global pandemic and changes in the political landscape.

Recent hiring statistics for Bulgaria indicate that the job market has been relatively stable in recent years, with a slight increase in employment rates. According to Trading Economics, the employment rate in Bulgaria decreased to 54.90 percent in the fourth quarter of 2022 from 55.40 percent in the third quarter of 2022. However, this is still an improvement from previous years, indicating that the job market in Bulgaria is slowly recovering.

Despite these positive trends, there are still challenges facing job seekers in Bulgaria. The country has a high rate of youth unemployment, with many young people struggling to find work after completing their education. Additionally, there are concerns about the quality of jobs available, with many workers earning low wages and lacking job security. These factors highlight the need for continued efforts to improve the job market in Bulgaria and provide better opportunities for workers.

Current State of Hiring in Bulgaria

Unemployment Rates

Bulgaria’s unemployment rate stood at 5.2% in February 2023, according to the National Statistical Institute. This is a decrease from the previous month and a significant drop from the 8.5% rate in February 2022. The country’s unemployment rate has been steadily decreasing since 2014, when it was at 11.8%. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on the job market, with some industries experiencing more job losses than others.

Job Openings

In the third quarter of 2022, the number of job vacancies in Bulgaria decreased by 12.68% compared to the previous quarter, according to Statista. However, there are still job openings available in various industries, including IT, finance, and healthcare. The EURES website provides information on available jobs in different regions of Bulgaria, with the North Central region having the highest number of job vacancies as of April 2023.


Applying for jobs in Bulgaria can be done online or in person. Many companies have online application systems, while others require applicants to submit their resumes and cover letters by email. Job seekers can also use recruitment agencies to help them find job openings that match their skills and experience. The National Employment Agency provides job search assistance and training opportunities to unemployed individuals.

Hiring Statistics in Bulgaria

Top Industries Hiring

Bulgaria has a diverse economy with many industries contributing to the job market. According to Statista, the top industries hiring in Bulgaria in 2022 were:

  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
  • Manufacturing
  • Wholesale and Retail Trade
  • Professional, Scientific, and Technical Activities
  • Construction

These industries accounted for a significant portion of employment opportunities in Bulgaria.

Most In-Demand Job Positions

As of 2022, the most in-demand job positions in Bulgaria were:

  • Software Developers and Programmers
  • Administrative and Support Staff
  • Sales Representatives
  • Accountants and Auditors
  • Engineers

These job positions were highly sought after and offered good career prospects.

Average Salary by Industry

The average salary in Bulgaria varies by industry. According to the National Statistical Institute, the average monthly salary in the top industries as of 2022 were:

Industry Average Monthly Salary (BGN)
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) 3,600
Manufacturing 1,800
Wholesale and Retail Trade 1,400
Professional, Scientific, and Technical Activities 2,800
Construction 1,500

It is important to note that salaries can vary depending on experience, education, and other factors.

Gender and Age Distribution

According to the National Statistical Institute, as of 2020, the gender and age distribution of the employed population in Bulgaria was:

Gender Age Group Percentage of Employed Population
Male 15-24 13.7%
Male 25-54 68.7%
Male 55-74 17.6%
Female 15-24 12.7%
Female 25-54 64.5%
Female 55-74 22.8%

These statistics show that both males and females are employed across a wide range of age groups in Bulgaria.

Challenges in Hiring

When it comes to hiring in Bulgaria, there are several challenges that employers may face. These challenges can make it difficult to find the right candidates and can impact the success of the hiring process. Two of the most common challenges in hiring in Bulgaria are the skills gap and language barriers.

Skills Gap

One of the biggest challenges in hiring in Bulgaria is the skills gap. According to a report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Bulgaria’s labor market is facing a number of structural challenges, including a quickly dwindling working-age population, highly unequal employment outcomes across different population groups, and regional disparities. This can make it difficult for employers to find candidates with the necessary skills and experience.

Employers in Bulgaria may need to invest in training and development programs to bridge the skills gap and ensure that their employees have the skills and knowledge needed to succeed in their roles. Additionally, employers may need to be more flexible in their hiring requirements and consider candidates who may not have all of the desired qualifications but have the potential to learn and grow on the job.

Language Barriers

Another challenge in hiring in Bulgaria is language barriers. While Bulgarian is the official language of the country, there are several other languages spoken by minority groups, including Turkish, Romani, and Russian. This can make it difficult for employers to communicate effectively with all of their employees and can impact productivity and job satisfaction.

Employers may need to provide language training or hire translators to ensure that all employees can communicate effectively. Additionally, employers may need to be more flexible in their language requirements and consider candidates who may not speak Bulgarian fluently but have other valuable skills and experience.


The statistics presented in this article paint a mixed picture of the Bulgarian labor market. On the one hand, the country has made significant progress in recent decades, moving from a highly centralized, planned economy to an open, market-based, upper-middle-income economy. On the other hand, there are still significant challenges that need to be addressed, particularly when it comes to employment and education.

One of the most concerning trends is the high rate of unemployment among people with lower secondary education or less. In 2019, only 38.4% of this group had a job in Bulgaria, compared to 45.1% in the EU. This discrepancy is likely to be exacerbated by the COVID-19 crisis, which has hit low-skilled workers particularly hard.

However, there are also reasons for optimism. Bulgaria’s unemployment rate has been steadily decreasing in recent years, and in 2021 it stood at 5.27%. This is lower than the EU average, and suggests that the country’s labor market is becoming more competitive and dynamic.

Moreover, there are signs that Bulgaria is investing in the education and training of its workforce. In 2019, 88.5% of 15-64 year-olds with tertiary education were in employment in Bulgaria, compared to 84.7% in the EU. This suggests that the country is recognizing the importance of higher education in a modern, knowledge-based economy.

In conclusion, while there are still challenges to be addressed, the Bulgarian labor market is showing signs of improvement. By investing in education and training, and by continuing to create a competitive and dynamic business environment, Bulgaria has the potential to become a leader in the region and beyond.